Homicide, Modern Slavery, Human Trafficking, Immigration offences, Firearms and drugs

Paramjit is a committed, experienced criminal defence practitioner specialising in cases of  homicide, firearms and large scale drug supply, importation and Encrochat. She has acted as leading and sole junior (as well as led junior).

Paramjit has been named by the Observer (culture) in January 2019 as a ‘new talent: rising star’ in relation to her work ‘representing society’s most vulnerable, fighting human trafficking, modern day slavery and immigration crime’ and is ranked in Legal 500, described as ‘an outstanding junior.’


Modern Slavery, Human Trafficking and s45 Modern Slavery Act defence

Paramjit has been leading junior counsel in ground-breaking modern slavery and human trafficking cases. She has a significant practice concerning Human Trafficking, Modern Slavery, County Lines, and section 45 Modern Slavery Act Defences.

Paramjit is the contributing author to the chapter on Modern Slavery and Immigration Offences in the leading Criminal Practitioner Text Blackstone’s Criminal Practice. She has been a speaker at the Judicial College in Jan 2022 on ‘Modern Slavery and Human Trafficking updates’ for the long and complex case seminars. She is a contributing author to chapters on criminal court process, special measures and criminal appeal process in Bloomsbury Professional ‘Human Trafficking and Modern Slavery Law and Practice’

Paramjit was part of the Prison Reform Trust Advisory Group relating to amendments to the Domestic Abuse Bill. Her article on duress and section 45 MSA 2015 was referenced in House of Lords debates on the amendments. She has been a speaker at seminars and workshops, including internationally at the ECPAT Conference in Paris to judges and lawyers from 7 European Countries- on ‘Trafficking for Criminal Exploitation.’ Paramjit has been leading junior in this area of work for cases even pre-dating Modern Slavery Act 2015 (Acquittal secured for Defendant in 2013 multi handed exploitation case –



Paramjit’s work involves representation in high profile murder cases both at first instance as well as advising as fresh counsel on appellate cases.

In addition, she has represented individuals in domestic homicides involving parricide as well as domestic abuse. Paramjit is currently co-authoring chapters in forthcoming book on ‘Women who kill their abusers.’ Recent work on cases on domestic homicides include (R v Emma Jayne Magson and R v Farieissia Martin).


Criminal Appeals and Advisory work

Paramjit regularly advises on publicly and privately funded appeals against conviction and sentence. She has appeared extensively before the Court of Appeal and has won appeals where original trial counsel advised negatively. She has acted in appeals concerning fresh evidence on account of coercive control ( Paramjit has also acted as counsel in drafting applications to the Criminal Cases Review Commission (

Paramjit has provided advisory work in relation to Disclosure Barring Services, VRR’s and illegal working legislation in addition to the advising of charities (eg Class Acts- examining modern slavery legislation across the UK).

Paramjit has spoken at conferences particularly on issues of duress, coercive control and Modern Slavery including:

  • 2022- Feb- speaker at seminar to CCRC on coercive control issues in appeals.
  • 2021- Speaker – criminal law module -Open University – reform of duress
  • 2020 – Speaker at Justice Colloquium on Coercive Control at De Montfort University
  • 2019- Criminal Law Review conference – updates Article 4.
  • 2019- LAPG conference

Paramjit was previously a trustee of the charity ‘Women In Prison’ and is on the advisory board for the charity ‘APPEAL.’



BA Jurisprudence, Keble College, Oxford. Call 2002


Homicide and serious criminal offences

R v AWJ [2021] EWCA Crim 1776– Leading junior in appeal against conviction for causing or allowing physical harm of a child. Complex coercive control and domestic abuse faced by female defendant, biomechanical expert evidence (
R v FM – Murder (Liverpool Crown Court)
R v EM – Murder re-trial (Birmingham Crown Court)
Junior led by Clare Wade QC. Background of domestic abuse and coercive control in relation to high profile re-trial, issues included self-defence and diminished responsibility.
R v P (Blackfriars Crown Court) – Sole junior in attempted murder trial. Representation of woman with mental health vulnerabilities. Victim in coma for 2 weeks as a result of injuries. Acquitted of attempted murder, convicted of s18 GBH.
R v TJB (Croydon) – Sole junior in attempted murder. Stabbing by known acquaintance. Issue one of identification, acquitted of all counts.
R v N (Croydon) – Large scale drug conspiracy cases, concerning Encrochat.
R v F (Luton)– Case concerning Multi-handed Encrochat, drug and firearm conspiracies.
R v MA (Kingston) – Sole junior – Bangladeshi male accused of encouraging terrorism. Co-defendant represented by Naeem Mian QC. Acquitted.
R v AS (Central Criminal Court) – led junior, acquitted of manslaughter and possession of firearm with intent to cause fear of violence.
R v LM (Kingston Crown Court)– Representation of young person, acquitted of possession of firearm, ammunition and possession of drugs with intent to supply.
R v KM (Harrow Crown Court)– Concerned group attack on pregnant teenager, allegations of punching, stamping and force feeding detergent and attempts to pervert course of justice.
R v B (Southwark) – multi handed conspiracy to commit fraud- over £2 million- led junior- acquitted.


Human Trafficking, County Lines and Modern Slavery

R v I – CCRC application – Referral by CCRC of 6 convictions concerning same individual who had benn subjected to child criminal exploitation (
R v AAJ [2021] EWCA Crim 1278 – 2 Convictions for County Lines exploitation quashed, victim of modern slavery, fresh evidence case.
R v M – Canterbury – Leading junior in multi handed 3 month trial – first on indictment. Charges stemmed over a 10 year period concerning human trafficking, modern slavery and exploitation.
R v A [2020] EWCA Crim 1408 – Historic exploitation of victim of trafficking appeal.
R v O [2019] EWCA Crim 1389 – August 2019- Conviction successfully quashed- Appellant had life of repeated trafficking and sexual exploitation.
R v M – Norwich – Defence in County lines case relating to serious violence. Prosecution offer no evidence post defence representations.
R v HTD- Liverpool – Age dispute issues, vacating of guilty pleas for youth who had pleaded guilty to large scale cannabis production and victim of trafficking.
R v SG – Cardiff – County lines – foreign national charged with serious conspiracy. Prosecution offer no evidence.
R v QS – Kingston – Defence counsel in multi handed complex trial- concerning International human trafficking of entire family units into UK and allegations of home factory production of identity documents.
R v VN – Harrow – Defence counsel for Victim of Trafficking, cannabis factory.
R v OB – Croydon – Multi-handed sham marriage conspiracy case. Crown offer no evidence.
R v PB – Chelmsford – Vulnerable woman charged with immigration document offences who went on hunger strike in prison. Non-custodial sentence.
R v B- Croydon – Leading junior counsel in multi handed international trafficking case concerning sexual and labour exploitation. Acquitted of all counts.
R v M – Junior counsel led in multi-handed people trafficking case -involved work on intricate disclosure requests from social services and UKBA.
R v H – Croydon – Case concerning policy by Secretary of State towards a young single mother, who was Albanian, charged with immigration offences, where claim of asylum upon the basis of being Kosovan. Granted absolute discharge.



Paramjit regularly advises on merits of appeal against conviction and sentence. Some of her reported cases include:

R v AWJ [2021] EWCA Crim 1776– Leading junior in appeal against conviction for causing or allowing physical harm of a child. Complex coercive control and domestic abuse issues. Fresh evidence concerned psychological evidence as well as biomechanical expert.
R v A [2020] EWCA Crim 1408 – Historic exploitation of applicant, a Victim of Trafficking coerced into criminal offending.
R v O [2019] EWCA 1389 – Convictions committed by a victim of human trafficking. Paramjit was fresh counsel in this appeal which was 11 years post the original offence.
R v Farbar [2019] EWCA Crim 1716 – successful appeal- rule of specialty, extradition defendant should only be dealt with for offences detailed in European Arrest Warrant.
R v AT [2018] EWCA 1890 – Fresh counsel at appeal- Dangerousness quashed in sentencing appeal (instructed 1 week prior to hearing).
R v NR [2017] 1 Cr App R (S) 42 – Successful appeal against sentence of defendant who had carried drugs and SIM cards into prison for her partner. Bangkok rules (rules for the Treatment of Women Prisoners and non-custodial measures for women offenders) raised for first time – see also R v KG [2017] EWCA Crim 602.
R v DS [2014] EWCA Crim 846, [2015] MHLR 336
Arson – successful appeal against sentence – Psychiatric evidence on community mental health treatment.
R v Dhabaneey [2013] EWCA Crim 2184 – Successful appeal against sentence for taxi driver
Regina (A) v Lowestoft Magistrates’ Court (2013) EWHC 659 (Admin)
Judicial review of magistrates’ decision to refuse to grant a reporting restriction.
R v Davis [2013] EWCA Crim 1038 – Successful appeal against IPP sentence. Hospital order and restriction order imposed in place, for wounding with intent.
R v Lima [2010] EWCA Crim 284 – quashing of ASBO.
R v Petrou [2009] EWCA Crim 1409– quashing of extended sentence and replacing with determinate sentence.
R v DEK [2007] EWCA Crim 2117– appeal against sentence allowed for youth charged with conspiracy to supply drugs.
R v Onung [2006] EWCA Crim 2813 – travel restriction order quashed in relation to drug trafficking.
R (on application of O) v SSHD [2006] EWHC 2469 – successful judicial review concerning age assessment.